Kumbor and Djukanovic's New Partner
New Alliance: Milo Djukanovic, Milan Rocen and Ilhen Alijev
Russians to Go, Azerbaijanis to Come
Can Igor Luksic's Government, which is expected to start negotiations with Brussels in June, afford itself another suspicious privatization and to bring to Kumbor, accompanied by all deficiencies of a tender process, the company with obvious transparency problems from the country that has its own corruption issues
Have Milo Djukanovic and Milan Rocen recently flown to Azerbaijan just to spread friendship among two countries? Or to exchange some experience with President Illhen Alijev, who succeeded his father and has everything under control in that oil and autocracy land? Or was it just business?
Is it accidental that, immediately after the visit of our government top to Baku, Azerbaijani national oil company SOCAR, which is actually run by President Alijev, suddenly appears as a main competitor for beautiful site on Montenegrin coastline – military base Kumbor, in the area protected by UNESCO. SOCAR's bid for Kumbor was the first in rank, which made American consortium NCH, which also placed a bid, to appeal.
SOCAR was never in tourism business, and Montenegrin government opened bidding to turn Kumbor into an elite resort, not to turn it into oil refinery or platform. Great oil refineries usually do not develop tourist resorts, because they earn huge amount of in their prevailing activities.
Transparency International, the world's famous organization for monitoring corruption, analyzed 45 world's biggest oil companies, which produce 60 percent of world production, to see how they relate to corruption. SOCAR is on the very bottom of that list (see scheme below), at 43rs place which can show that SOCAR is more likely to encourage corruption rather than fighting it.
Fair investor is the one who publishes and implements a policy of zero tolerance to corruption and within its internal procedures shows relevant program for fighting corruption.
Ministry of Defense opened bidding couple of months ago for 90 – year lease and managing the facility of Kumbor military base named Orijen Battalion. It's a unique site of unspoiled nature that spreads over 300 000 square meters of land and facilities.
As Monitor's interviewees’ state, SOCAR placed a bid although it does not meet basic conditions for bidding. Azerbaijani oil giant did not buy tender documentation which was the precondition for bidding. Documentation was bought by the company Triangle which extended the deadline for submitting bids several times. Perhaps, Triangle waited agreement between Podgorica – Baku. Immediately after first extension of deadline for submitting bids, duo Djukanovic – Rocen left to Azerbaijan.
Company Triangle investments and development limited is so called Mickey Mouse company, absolutely unknown, registered in London few years ago with inscribed monetary capital of merely 100 pounds. Triangle's owners are Gafar Gurbanov, Azerbaijani and Metiv Guvenev, British of Turkish origin. One condition to lease Kumbor was that only experienced hotel company could have bidden for it or the one that has Letter of Intent written by reputable hotel chain that would invest in this protected site.
During opening of bids, objection of the main competitor – American fund NCH that SOCAR cannot be qualified because it did not buy tender documentation, was dismissed as technical. President of tender committee is ex Minister of Defense Boro Vucinic.
Tender Committee stated on the website of Privatization Council that SOCAR Bidding was correct. According to such interpretation, Triangle was the company that bought tender documentation on behalf of SOCAR. There is no evidence to prove it, claim NCH in its objections submitted to Privatization Council on 29th March. Even if Triangle had Power of Attorney from SOCAR during tender documentation buy out, it would not help them to qualify because it was not possible for one company to buy documentation and the other one to bid.
SOCAR did not submitted along with its bid, a “Letter of Intent or Contract on managing with reputable company that runs at least two hotel resorts of international standard with at least 4+ stars”, which was clearly stated in tender propositions. However, SOCAR claims that it submitted a letter from company named Melia. But mentioned letter was not addressed to Azerbaijani Oil Company but to anonymous British Triangle.
On the other hand, Consortium NCH submitted a Letter of Intent from world famous hotel chain Marriot and as well from American hotel resorts Starwood that also run Sheraton Group. But that is not the end of illogical things. According to claims of the American representatives SOCAR did not submitted financial guarantees. NCH claims that legal representative of Tender Committee from Schonherr, during the opening of bids, not only that did not (although it is a common practice) inspect documents to establish that each required document was submitted but he also did not made any record of it. Does this mean that someone can subsequently enrich the bid?
First ranked Azerbaijani oil giant did not buy out tender documentation as precondition for bidding. Documentation was bought by anonymous company Triangle registered in Great Britain with inscribed monetary capital of 100 pounds, which extended deadline for bidding several times. Perhaps it was looking for a partner or some kind of the agreement from Podgorica-Baku. Duo Djukanovic – Rocen went to visit Azerbaijan immediately after first extension for bidding.
American consortium offered twice as much money for the lease, two EUR per square meter which is 27 million EUR more than bid from Azerbaijan, as calculated by Vijesti from Podgorica.
SOCAR offered considerably higher investments – 57, 6 million in first three years, total 258 million in eight years. NCH offers 36, 5 million in first three years, and 54 million in the following years, announcing more than 200 million for investments.
According to our sources, SOCAR does not have defined business plan and it is not clear in investment program how the funds will be spent. “SOCAR points out that it will invest 20 million EUR during the first year while the site is
being cleaned which costs only couple of million. The level of investments drops to 14 million in the third year when the resort is supposed to start developing. “It is not logical that the investor invests more in cleaning the area than in construction,” says Monitor's associate included in business for this tender.
Perhaps the cleaning will cost more than construction because the best machines such BEMAX must be engaged. It is interesting that company that has no problems to invest 50 million EUR during three years offers only minimal allowed amount for lease. Amount for lease represents obligation that is not usually changed. However, investment program can be negotiated while obligations can be avoided. We have already seen in KAP and in other companies the manner of executing obligations from investment program.
SOCAR offer has no precisely defined ecology study, but it predicts creating of several artificial islands. It is obvious that such artificial islands seriously cause damage to natural surroundings in delicate eco system such as gorge of Kumbor.
SOCAR's offer does not have precisely defined ecology study but it predicts creating of several artificial islands which would seriously cause damage to natural surroundings in delicate eco system such as gorge of Kumbor. Besides, construction of artificial islands is exorbitantly expensive, therefore this attractive suggestion sounds more like a dream, megalomanic project similar to previous projects we are familiar with from drafts of strategic partners such as: Hotels AS, Fjord, Cane's ST Nicola.
In addition, construction of artificial islands is exorbitantly expensive, therefore this attractive suggestion sounds more like a dream, megalomanic project similar to previous projects we are familiar with from drafts of strategic partners such as: Hotels AS, Fjord, Cane's ST Nicola. Construction of an artificial island is not in compliance with the state's study draft of Sector 5 site published at Government's web šage.
In the end, SOCAR did not define social program. That is another disadvantage in their offer in the country whose citizens suffered huge damages due to unsuccessful privatizations. 23 million EUR loan for KAP which has to be paid by everyone is only the beginning of the long agony, bankruptcy Montenegro will be found into for the reason of suspicious business and partnerships.
During the previous years, Government of Montenegro provided excuses stating that disinterest of West companies is the main resons for which Montenegrin factories were privatized by means of unknown off shore ways and tyconns from the East, like Deripaska. Government has a choice this time and they could change the structure of foreign investors. According to our sources, American diplomacy has already been negotiating with Montenegrin officials regarding Kumbor. Final decision of the Kumbor privatization should be brought by Privatization Council led by Prime Minister Igor Lukšić, in the moment when ship is already on sale.
Can Igor Luksic's Government which is expected to start negotiations with Brussels in June, afford itself another suspicious privatization and to bring to Kumbor accompanied by all deficiencies of a tender process, the company with obvious transparency problems from the country that has its own corruption issues.
If that happens, in the midst of current privatization difficulties in Montenegro, Kumbor could become another case which confirms the rule – Djukanovic wants like-minded ones by his side and Luksic has the role of covering his jobs by democratic rhetoric. Djukanovic is only left with Azerbaijan, even Russians closed their door.
6th April 2012
SILENT KILLER: DRUG ADDICTION AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE IN MONTENEGRO: Growing Hopelessness
Young people in Montenegro can reach dugs within half an hour. They often consume it in school backyards, most commonly marijuana, and the use of heavy psychoactive substances is increasing. Many of them suffer from psychological disorders. Monitor's interviewees agree that we don’t talk about this enough, and that we lack support of the society as a whole.
“They use drugs wherever they can, mostly in the schoolyard. They choose places where cameras can't capture them, and those who want to get “stuff” turn to them. In most cases, it is marijuana”, said student A.S. from Electro-Technical High School Vaso Aligrudic in Podgorica.
Last year's research of the Ombudsman Children and Addiction Diseases in Montenegro showed as well that drug addiction is one of the burning problems of young people in Montenegro. According to the research, which included 37 elementary and 25 high schools, marijuana was used by more than 11 percent of students, while on average, more than eight students consumed heavy drugs. “Half of drug addicts use one substance and the other half use two or more substances. Students in Montenegro use significantly more illegal (heavy) drugs than the EU average”, the study said. As many as 16 percent of students said that illicit substances were often consumed at school, and besides, there was an increase in the use of synthetic drugs, which are cheap and easily available.
“Those for whom I know that use marijuana do it behind the school. They did it before on the fire stairs. The most problematic is easy availability of drugs”, said student Z.K. from Economics High School Mirko Vesovic in Podgorica. More than 25 percent of the students that participated in the Ombudsman's research reported a similar view. If one wants drugs, it will take him half to several hours to get it, which is disturbing.
Dijana Milosevic, from Public Institution Kakaricka Gora, an institution for accommodation, rehabilitation and re-socialization of users of psychoactive substances in Podgorica said for Monitor that it generally began with marijuana “The adolescence itself, is the greatest crisis period of each individual, when identity problems naturally appear, difficulties in accepting authority, as well as a tendency to experiment with “forbidden things.” All these are favorable conditions for an adolescent to come into contact with psychoactive substances. There is a persistent misconception among young people that marijuana is not a drug or that it is an “easy drug” which facilitates entering into problem. Most often marijuana is the first substance that addicts consume. Besides consequences which it leaves on the psyche of the consumer, this is a misconception that can cost them their lives”.
According to her, the reasons why young people use drugs are mainly dissatisfaction, concern or rebellion against authority, boredom, family problems, peer violence as well as opinion that cigarettes, alcohol or drugs are some kind of “gateway” to a certain group of peers.
“Behind our school sports hall, you can often see older guys who give marijuana to children. It happens almost every day and its favorite gathering place”, told us another student of Electro-Technical High School Vaso Aligrudic.
Monitor addressed this issue to most of the high schools in Podgorica. The question what they did to restrain this problem, even after weeks of waiting, has not been answered.
“We do not work enough in schools with adolescents, when it comes to drug addiction. However, the reason for that is not in schools, but rather in insufficient involvement of institutions, which should tackle more with this problem. We cannot expect from schools to deal with the education of children and to be a police officer and someone who, among other responsibilities, will work with children on restraining this phenomenon. That is why they need help from both the institutions and the civil sector. Everybody has to deal with this phenomenon. Every year its presence in educational institutions is increasing”, said to Monitor NGO Euromost, whose main goal is to support fight against drugs abuse and all forms of addiction.
Drug abuse increased everywhere in the world, and the same happened in our country, regardless of the actions taken through health, educational, legal system, noted psychologist Natasa Vukovic, who works with peer educators as a part of NGO Euromost actions. “The number of drug users is becoming more noticeable among young people, among high school students and even elderly elementary school students. There are no harmless drugs. The continuous, systemic and systematic action of the whole society is necessary. The aim above all must be that children and young people never turn to drugs”.
According to her, inadequate assistance and lack of support from the family, primarily parents, who have failed to maintain a relationship of trust with their children, and who have failed to “impose” desirable role models, make young people an “easy target”.
“Eighteenth birthday celebrations are particularly problematic. Sometimes flats, where they mix two or three types of drugs and large amounts of alcohol, are being rented. Mostly, this refers to grammar school graduates. My daughter went to one such birthday celebration and she called me to pick her up, shocked and dreadful. She didn't know what was going on there. And parents have no idea”, said for Monitor Patricija Pobric, Director of NGO Our Action.
She claims that a deeper involvement in drug addiction is often preceded by some criminal acts: “Usually, as of the third grade of high school, young people are recruited to buy ID cards by older students. These kids turn to drugs afterwards. They are “carriers” and it’s easy to involve them in petty crimes. They later buy motorcycles and cars from that money “.
Many start using drugs because they expect that it will help them deal with problems on a daily basis. Many start out of curiosity, with the well-known – ‘I will just try it’. Asked why someone became an addict and someone did not, especially if persons grew up in similar circumstances or even in the same family, Natasa Vukovic said that there was no clear and definite answer: “The only certain conclusion is that you should clearly advise everyone not to try psychoactive substance because one does not know in advance whether he/she is sensitive to it, which would mean that even a single intake already creates a psychic need for re-taking it. Such patients exist in practice, and they have a common characteristic that they “immediately liked the drug”.
Euromost noted that in addition to combating drug trafficking, we should work also on improving prevention of drug addiction among youth: “Upon completing the training of the first peer educators, Euromost, besides Bijelo Polje, has expanded its workshops to other northern municipalities, such as Plav, Gusinje and Rozaje. The number of participants is the best indicator of youth interest. However, in order for this to be successful, it is necessary to constantly communicate with young people and listen to what they have to say. It is not really useful just to find an expert who will explain them what the drug is and how it looks like”.
Natasa Vukovic, pointed out for Monitor, that addiction can be closely related to young people’s mental problems. Mind and mental healthcare is still a taboo topic in Montenegro. “It is true that in recent years more and more young people have sought help and advice of psychologists, but still shyly, almost always asking for visits not to be evidenced, and that parents do not find out about it, because it is often very difficult for them to accept the fact that their child goes to a psychologist or psychiatrist”, she said.
The state has similar approach. “There is no institution in our country where young people with a mental illness can be treated”, warned Vukovic.
In Montenegro, National Register on Drug Addiction has been maintained since 2013 by the Institute for Public Health, but it functions only on the basis of data collected from health institutions. There is no information about those who are not reported. According to recent estimates, there are more than 15,000 drug addicts in Montenegro.
How many of them are young people and children is not precisely known. The results of the research are discouraging. Monitor's interviewees agree – there is a lack of communication and cooperation between institutions, schools, parents and young people. And the problem of addiction is not the problem of the individual, but of the whole society.
Milo Popovic and Andrea Jelic
HOW HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS ACCEPTED STAY-AT-HOME AND SOCIAL DISTANCING ORDERS: Time of Worrying and Learning
It has been shown that keeping prescribed distance without physical contact, shaking hands, hugging … is one of the least respected measures among surveyed high school students. According to received answers, the only recommendation that was less respected was the one concerning wearing of protective equipment
Do high school students in Podgorica and to what extent respect the measures taken to prevent coronavirus spread? Through social networks, we surveyed about 200 students, from all high schools in Podgorica, to find out first-hand, how they cope with recommendations and measures that, among other things, limit movement and outdoor activities.
“Ever since the coronavirus appeared in Montenegro and since the Government announced the protective measures, I fully comply with them,” Elena Dabetic told us. “I haven't been out of the house since March, even when I have to go to the store, I go with full equipment: masks, gloves, and I keep distance from other people. Quarantine was not difficult for me since I’ve focused on some other activities, for which I did not have time, such as drawing. I kill boredom by playing online video games with my friends, watching movies, reading books, etc. I believe that people just need to think positively and use this time to work on themselves; well, we have a lot of time and we will learn more to appreciate going out after all this.”
Others, again, relativized the danger and explained why they did not exactly adhere to the imposed measures of social distancing. In fact, it was shown that keeping a prescribed distance of 1-2 meters without physical contact, shaking hands, hugging…was one of the least respected measures among surveyed high school students. Only every tenth respondent respected this experts’ recommendation. Even less number of respondents, according to received answers, respected recommendation concerning wearing of protective equipment. It was respected by every fifth research participant.
“When it comes to quarantine, I was relaxed at first, but when the situation intensified, I took it more seriously,” said Isidora Milatovic. “It is difficult for me to get used to it. This is the first time I am faced with situation like this. I spend my time learning, so I don't really do any other activities. I sincerely hope that the situation will stabilize and that we will soon return to a normal life. ”
Her peer Danilo Kujacic explained: “I accept quarantine well, since my usual lifestyle is not much different. I spend most of my day at the computer. I go out with friends in the evening or occasionally, go out for training. I think the current situation is exaggerated and not half as significant as the media present it.”
A significant number of young people, according to their own testimonies, comply with the recommendations and stay at home. Survey has found that watching series and movies, playing games on a phone/computer and using social networks are three of the most common activities young people currently do. According to collected data, every tenth respondent takes an online course, learns a foreign language and (or) reads extracurricular literature.
Milica Radulovic stated that the current situation disturbed everyone's usual activities, but, as she said, we must accept this way of life. “We all eagerly wait for measures to ease, but until that happens, we must use this time as good as possible. I suggest that we all devote this time to ourselves: by doing home-based training, reading a book, studying, but also communicating with friends through social networks. If after doing all of these you still have spare time, you can always watch a series or a movie…”, said our interviewee. And she concluded: “I really miss gatherings in the neighbourhood, but these measures must be respected if we want to get back to our old habits as soon as possible.”
In our survey, high school students cited several common reasons why they went out: a third of surveyed participants went out to shop at stores and pharmacies; a quarter for a walk or training in nature; every fifth for meeting and hanging out with friends… Boris Janjusevic said: “It was strange at first, but over time I got used to it. I spend my time doing homework, but of course I play games more than usual. As usual I spare an hour, an hour and a half of time for training.”
Given the new circumstances, interaction between students and professors in the school classroom has been replaced by online teaching, a platform and a website. Survey showed that most students did assignments, presentations, essays which professors gave, as well as that they studied provided resources. However, based on the results, two-thirds of high school students were not satisfied with online teaching, since, as they said, new way of work, to which they were not used to, required more work, effort and time than “traditional” class attendance.
Almost everyone missed social life, going out and socializing (without set limits). “I am very bored in quarantine and it has been difficult for me to find anything interesting to do”, notes S.P. who wanted to remain anonymous. “I usually play games, write songs, listen to music or do my homework. The current situation has great impact on us and our psyche. When all this is over, the consequences will be visible in our country, as well as in the whole world”, he said.
On the other hand, a smaller number of respondents said that they did not have any difficulties during quarantine. They believe that there has not been any other situation in which they would have so much time to devote to themselves and to improve their skills and potentials. Thus, M.P. explained: “I learn languages during quarantine. I try to organize myself well, especially because of my school obligations. Of course, this is not always possible, but I manage. I also watch movies, communicate with friends, and read books. This is a chance to correct most of the mistakes, because time, despite the space barrier, works in our favour. ”
We spoke with Patricia Pobric, a civic activist and Executive Director of the NGO Our Action, about the behaviour of young people in this new situation caused by coronavirus pandemic and in what way they can make useful contribution.
“One who understands young people understands that current situation is most difficult to them. It's still easy for kids to have fun at home with toys and other activities, but young people are, by their nature, very social beings. They like to move, to socialize, go out…Although we consider that they are too much attached to their phones, physical socializing means a lot to them. In general, I think most young people understood the significance of the situation, and that it was accepted with understanding but not with fear. Only young people to whom parents, relatives, and media transferred fear, showed it.”
Pobric however, pointed out that there were also undesirable examples. “It happens that a small number of young men drives their vehicles after curfew, or organize trips and barbecues and do not respect social distancing. My advice to young members of NGO Our Action, from the beginning of quarantine, was to spend time after online school activities not only on games and internet, but also on planting, working on farms, gardens, learning new skills at home and in nature.” Photos prove that some have accepted the advice.
PUBLIC CALL CIN-CG: EMPOWERING RE POPULATION TO ACESS THE LABOR MARKET
Centre for Investigative Journalism of Montenegro (CIN-CG), in the framework of the project:
“Empowering RE population to access the labor market”
(project provided with the financial support of the European Union and the Government of Montenegro)
A PUBLIC CALL
For training in the media industry – 25 interns from RE population
(Training for journalists, cameramen, graphic designers, workers in printing plant and other jobs in electronic, print and online media)
The training will consist of two stages. The first stage includes two-month training for 25 participants, for which fee will be provided. Following the first stage training, the Commission will select five trainees who show the best tendencies for work in the media. A five-month employment contract will be signed with them. The participants will be trained in media work and they will be involved in media production, for which they will receive regular monthly salary.
The Call is open for unemployed members of RE population residing in the territory of Montenegro who completed at least a primary school and are registered with the Employment Agency of Montenegro. Priority will be given to candidates with high school and college degrees.
Interested candidates should send their applications with a CV, confirmation from the records of the Employment Agency of Montenegro and motivational letter by 15/02/2020 at the latest, by e-mail to: email@example.com, or to the address: CIN-CG, Trg nezavisnosti bb, 81000 Podgorica.
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