Povežite se sa nama

OKO NAS

POCKET MONEY PROVIDED BY THE WEB: Item, Account, Euro

Objavljeno prije

na

Some try to earn from backbreaking work, some using “a book” and “pen”, and some using a mouse and a keyboard, from home through the Internet

 

Managing. Teens, elderly primary school students, and high school students quickly learn what that word means in a country where their parents, with two average salaries, barely cover their family expenses: buy food, pay bills and loans, and provide basic inedible supplies. The pocket money is usually not high on the priority list. And even if it is, it is not enough. So, you start thinking early, about some kind of profit. And managing.

Some try to earn from backbreaking work, some using “a book” and “pen”, and some using a mouse and a keyboard, from home through (fast) Internet.

It all starts with following ads that offer “fast, easy, and guaranteed earnings.” Playing unpopular games or browsing paid commercials for hours is the slowest and least fun way to make money on the Internet. You sometimes barely get five to ten euros for one or two-week engagement and number of hours worked. And sometimes, not even that much.

Stefan V. said that he also went through this phase, but that very soon he wanted to try something more tangible and useful (more profitable). He was attracted to the possibility of creating a logo for foreigners (according to definition from Wikipedia: a logo is a graphic sign or an icon indicating a product or business). It seemed to be a profitable and simple business, explained our interviewee the beginning of his business adventure in which he entered with a group of friends. “For those who don’t know what a logo is – it’s an image, mostly often made by the request of a person who uses it and it serves to label a company, profile or product. Well, at the beginning we used various YouTube guides, explanations and shortcuts for work in basic programs like Photoshop. It took us several days to learn and master them. And then we started to look for our first customers in online forums. At the very beginning, we were paid 3-5 euros for a simple logo, so we earned 15 to 20 euros a week, depending on the number of customers. It wasn’t much, but it was not bad for the beginning. Over time, you realise that it is the most difficult to find customers at that level. And some more fun things emerge…”

A similar type of money-earning on the Internet, with compulsory prior knowledge, is translation of shorter and longer texts on various websites. Using the jargon of teenagers in Podgorica, this is freelancing and it refers to a person who does not have a particular job but rather collects and considers the offers he/she has and accepts the most appropriate one. In the adult world, we define freelancing as a part-time job without permanent employment, but let’s not elaborate further, the essence is the same. Basically, we're talking about translating catalogues for online shopping websites or subtitling of movies and series. Earnings range from five euros per hour to higher amounts, but require solid, very good or excellent knowledge of English language – and Montenegrin as well.

For those to whom learning is not a favourite activity, there are games. And there are several ways to combine the pleasure of playing and the benefit of making money. “After hours and days of playing Paladins, we decided to make our first team for playing the game,” recalled Damian B., one of our interviewees. He noted that this was significantly before broadcasts of video game tournaments started on the state television (RTCG) channels and cable television sports channels (Sport klub has a channel exclusively dedicated to electronic games). “Team had three members, which was enough for amateur tournaments. We thought that we could easily win some rewards. But as soon as we entered the first phase of the first tournament, we saw that we lack experience and that we are still not up to the online tournaments of that rank, since our opponents overwhelmingly defeated us”.

They decided to take a step back. “We tried to find an easier way to make money through video games. And over time, we have succeeded”.  On the steam platform (steampowered.com), the globally best known and most developed platform for buying and playing games that has hundreds of millions of players and billions of euros turnover, there is a section called the community market. It is used by players to buy and sell items (features, tools, weapons, food with which the player improves the features of the character he/she manages)… which they use in their games. Trade is done for real money. In addition, the largest number of items, except for the most expensive ones, which cost hundreds or thousands of euros, can also be obtained by (skilful) playing a specific game. “We started to collect and win these items and to offer them for sale to interested players who had fewer skills and luck, and more money than us. Over time, we started to make “easy” money, money gained through entertainment. These are not large sums of money (at best several tens of euros), but they are sufficient for pocket money. And, what is more important, we gained it while having fun”, said Vuk V. Our interviewee believed that for higher profits, one should invest in video games equipment, but also directly in the purchase of certain items. This also carries the risk of losing money. “If you don't have luck or enough knowledge, you can “go negative”, because over time, these items lose and gain value as well as cryptocurrencies. And if you don't assess well when to sell them, you can easily lose money”.

Regular players know that there are various ways to make money on the steam. “Very profitable thing that we did was selling of accounts for games which we had brought beforehand to a certain level. Players who do not have the skill or time to start the game from the beginning or to reach to that stage – usually those are older players who have a job and a salary – are ready to pay decently and take over game already levelled up. Each of us has earned 50 euros or more, at least once, by selling accounts, and that is not a small amount of money”, claimed our interviewees. However, they note that buying someone else's gaming account is not completely safe. If you do business with an unknown and dishonest account seller, you can easily be left without an account and without money since, that person can report that his/her account has been stolen (unauthorised account takeover). “So if you intend to buy one of the accounts, it is desirable that you know that person and that you are sure that he/she will not use and deceive you.”

Our interviewees, students of several high schools in Podgorica (Electro-technical, Economic, Grammar School), uneasily talked about a more primitive type of reselling of game accounts, which was popular in local gaming houses in the first half of the last year. At that time, the game Fortnite gained great popularity, so many wanted to make progress in it as soon as possible and as much as possible in order to show off to their friends. Thus primary school students from lower grades were willing to pay 10, 15 and even 20 euros for a game with popular and rare skins (they allow change appearance of a game character managed by the player).

They also emphasize that in the world of internet platform players, just like among payment cards or electronic banking users, you must always keep your personal data safe from thieves. Particularly dangerous can be “going” to unverified sites and platforms that lure by advertising cheaper or free items.

It happened that at the beginning of the year, one of them was hacked, as he entered a new site, practically, at the same time as he logged in. “Instantly, my account lost all protections, even though it even had a phone code that needed to be entered every time when account was used. Someone took it over, but failed to use it (to resell the collected items, for example) because we quickly contacted the game administrators and reported the theft. We proved the ownership of the account by repeating the credit card number, which belongs to a father of one of the players from our group, and which was used for the first payment made on that account”, stated the robbed player. And he left, to play basketball on the internet in peace “until everyone goes online”. Maybe something can be earned.

And how much money circulates in the world of e-sports, shows the prize fund at professional gaming tournaments. Thus, at the tournament International 2019, the contestants in playing Dota 2 game shared the amount of 30 million dollars.

 

When the ruble is stronger than the euro

Team of high school players from Pobrezje said that last year, with a “system error”, they managed to make an unexpected profit: “There was a terminal near our building where, in addition to paying for telephone and electricity bills, you could deposit money on a steam platform. We used the terminal since it allowed us to make payments by cash, without borrowing payment-cards from elder family members, and providing explanations. The thing was that the terminal, for unknown reasons, would transfer amount paid in euros to Russian rubles. Luckily for us, it turned out that games are much cheaper in rubles than in euros. Even twice in some cases. So for a week, we were cheaply buying and reselling, of course below the official price, games –– until this error was detected. In fact, the terminal disappeared, so we guess it was due to that.”

Luka RADULOVIC

Komentari

Izdvojeno

POŽARI I MI: Kad institucije gledaju u nebo

Objavljeno prije

na

Objavio:

Prije tri godine požar u NP Lovćen ugasila je kiša. Nedavni požar u NP Skadarsko jezero, čije posljedice su vidne i na satelitskim snimcima,  harao je danima, uz staro opravdanje o nepristupačnosti terena. Institucije svake godine dočekuju sezonu požara nespremne, jedva čekajući kiše

 

U Crnoj Gori je za vikend bilo aktivno 56 požara. Najteže je od vatrene stihije stradao Nacionalni park Skadarsko jezero. Požar je trajao danima, a satelitski snimci pokazuju da su izgorela velika močvarna područja kod Virpazara, između Vranjine i Andrijske gore, Andrijske gore i Dodoša, Bakine tigle, Mataguški lug i lijeva i desna obala Plavnice. Sve je srećom prošlo bez ljudskih žrtava. Vječno opravdanje o nepristupačnosti terena, opet je rezultiralo time da je  prepušteno vatri da danima guta floru i faunu nacionalnog parka.

Situacija na Skadarskom jezeru je bila dramatična pa su iz građanskog pokreta URA apelovali na Direktorat za vanredne situacije da hitno pozove u pomoć NATO.

Iz ove stranke su kazali da su zatečeni nereagovanjem nadležnih i prepuštanju NP Skadarsko jezero vatrenoj stihiji koja danima guta sve pred sobom: ,,Ako mi nemamo opremu za gašenje požara na takvim terenima, imaju je oni čija smo punopravna članica – NATO. Podsjećamo i da su partneri iz NATO-a i 2017. priskočili u pomoć Crnoj Gori kada je bilo aktivno mnoštvo požara na teritorijama za koje kao država i sistem nemamo opremu za stavljanje pod kontrolu i reagovanje”, navode iz Građanskog pokreta URA.

Iz MUP-a su odgovorili da imaju dovoljne kapacitete da stave pod kontrolu i ugase požar. Svako ko obiđe područje jezera može se uvjeriti o koliko efikasnim kapacitetima se radi. IZ MUP-a su istakli i da se međunarodna pomoć može tražiti u slučaju potrebe. A eto nije je bilo, pa čak i na satelitskim snimcima možemo vidjeti ogromno opožareno područje u nacionalnom parku.

Iz Centra za zaštitu i proučavanje ptica (CZIP) su ocjenili da će posljedice na cjelokupni ekosistem jezera biti dalekosežne: ,,Iako je spašavanje ljudskih života prioritet, zabrinjava činjenica da reakcija često izostaje ukoliko se požar javi u područjima gdje nema naselja, a prirodna dobra bivaju prepuštena vatrenoj stihiji. Iako je poznato da je Mediteran, pa i Crna Gora tokom ljetnjih mjeseci već duži niz godina zahvaćena sušom, a da su jaki vjetrovi česta pojava, godinama izostaje pravovremena reakcija nadležnih institucija na moguće opasnosti od požara”.

Nakon što je požar ugašen, Nacionalni parkovi Crne Gore najavili su  formiranje komisije za utvrđivanje štete nastale od požara u NP Skadarsko jezero u cilju utvrđivanja površine koju je zahvatio požar, kao i štete koja je nanesena biljnom i životinjskom svijetu ovog područja.

Predrag NIKOLIĆ
foto: CZIP

Pročitajte više u štampanom izdanju Monitora od 25. septembra ili na www.novinarnica.net

 

Komentari

nastavi čitati

Izdvojeno

DOLAZI LI VRIJEME RASKIDANJA KONCESIJA ZA GRADNJU mHE: I sloboda rijeka bi mogla skupo koštati

Objavljeno prije

na

Objavio:

Predstavnici buduće vlasti najavljuju raskidanje koncesija za gradnju mHE.  Vlada Crne Gore je u prethodnom periodu potpisala ugovore o davanju crnogorskih rječica investitorima i na 30 godina. Ugovore je teško raskinuti ukoliko nije bilo kršenja zakonskih procedura prilikom njihovog sklapanja i ukoliko su energetske kompanije ispoštovale ugovor

 

Buduća vlast treba da raskine sve koncesije za mHE i trajno da zabrani gradnju mHE. Ako tako ne bude, ne bilo ni Vlade. To je stav lidera koalicije Crno na bijelo Dritana Abazovića, koji je ponovio na protestu protiv izgradnje mini hidroelektrana u Barama Kraljskim (Kolašin). Međutim, sagovornici Monitora smatraju da je ta ideja teško ostvariva.

Tendencija bivše vlasti da dozvoli investitorima da bistre pijaće planinske rječice stave u cijevi, radi nekoliko megavati struje koja ne čini ni par procenata ukupne potrošnje struje bila je pogubna po stanovništvo koje živi od tih rijeka. To se vidjelo na slučaju Bistrice koja je presušila nakon puštanja male hidroelektrane u rad.

Nakon što su mještani širom sjevera Crne Gore, gdje su planirane male hidroelektrane, bili istrajni da do njihove izgradnje ne dođe, bivši premijer Duško Marković zadužio je Ministarstvo ekonomije da počne pregovore za sporazumni raskid ugovora na šest rijeka. Riječ je o hidrocentralama na rijeci Bistrici u Bijelom Polju, zatim na tri rijeke u Plavu – Murinskoj, Đuričkoj i Komaračkoj rijeci, kao i na Bukovici u Šavniku i Trepačkoj rijeci u Andrijevici.

,,Ovaj program nesporno je omogućio novi zamah u proizvodnji elekltrične energije ali je u tom razvojnom zamahu bilo i propusta koji bi nanijeli štetu prirodi. U pojedinim slučajevima ovaj konflikt razvoja promašio bi svoj cilj, a to je unaprjeđenje kvaliteta života i razvoja lokalnih zajednica koji ne može teći odvojeno od očuvanja jedinstvene i zdrave životne sredine na tim lokalitetima“, kazao je tada Marković.

Iz Ministarstva ekonomije nijesu odgovorili koliko je ovih ugovora raskinuto i u kojoj fazi su pregovori. Nijesu odgovorili ni koliko je novih ugovora potpisano za izgradnju mini hidroelektrana, koje su u fazi izgradnje, a koje tek treba da se grade.

U žiži javnosti trenutno su istrajni protesti mještana Bara Kraljskih da se tri rijeke u Parku prirode Komovi – Crnja, Čestogaz i Ljubaštica ne stave u cijevi. Vlada je početkom ove godine obnovila ugovor za male hidroelektrane na toj rijeci preduzeću Dekar Energy, koju zastupa Momčilo Miranović – biznismen blizak Demokratskoj partiji socijalista (DPS). Ta  firma  nije ispoštovala prethodno potpisani ugovor.

Slično Miranoviću, i ostali koncesionari za izgradnju mini hidroelektrana bliski su bivšoj vlasti. Mnogi su, suprotno zakonu, bili i veliki donatori DPS-a u predizbornim kampanjama. Dok su drugi u kumovskim i rođačkim vezama sa vrhom te partije.

Abazović je na posljednjem protestu mještana rekao da sa gradnjom mini hidrocentrala treba prekinuti „jednom za vazda, jer ti projekti nemaju logike”.  Inevstitori mHE, tvrdi on, isključivo imaju ličnu koris.

„Svaka gradnja malih hidroelektrana je korupcija sama po sebi. Zbog čega? Jednostavno, za 29 godina koncesije vi ovdje ne biste živjeli. Gdje budete živjeli u Crnoj Gori plaćaćete povećanu cijenu električne energije zbog ovoga. Nećete imati ni rijeku, a imaćete veće račune za struju”, kazao je Abazović mještanima.

Pošto je  za te tri rijeke koncesija izdata još 2011. godine, od kada se mnogo toga promijenilo – na primjer Komovi su proglašeni za regionalni park prirode, na tim rijekama bi se moglo iznaći rješenje za raskid ugovora. Nevladine organizacije Eko-tim, Centar za zaštitu i proučavanje ptica, Parkovi Dinarida, Green Home i WWF Adria,  podnijele su Agenciji za zaštitu prirode i životne sredine zahtjev za poništavanje postojeće ekološke saglasnosti za malu hidroelektranu Crnja u Barama Kraljskim.

Ivan ČAĐENOVIĆ

Pročitajte više u štampanom izdanju Monitora od 25. septembra ili na www.novinarnica.net

 

Komentari

nastavi čitati

Izdvojeno

SLUČAJ GRADONAČELNIKA PODGORICE: Šta je sve Vuković odćutao

Objavljeno prije

na

Objavio:

Nedavnim obraćanjem zamjeniku izvršnog direktora NVO MANS Dejanu Milovcu, gradonačelnik Glavnog grada prekinuo je tradiciju – da se brani ćutanjem na kritike neistomišljenika. I dobro je, razotkrio se

Nedavni javni nastupi aktuelnog gradonačelnika Podgorice Ivana Vukovića opominju – možda je vrijeme za vanredne lokalne izbore. Posljednji u nizu, u kom Vuković ne pokazuje ni zrno demokratske kulture, javno je saopštenje koje je uputio zamjeniku izvršnog direktora NVO MANS Dejanu Milovcu, nakon što je MANS otkrio Vukovićevu upletenost u aferu u vezi sa poslom izgradnje sekundarne kanalizacije u Podgorici i najavio tužbu protiv njega.

Prema istraživanju MANS-a, Vuković je, zajedno sa izvršnim direktorom Vodovoda i kanalizacije Podgorica Filipom Makridom, ugovor o izgradnji prve faze sekundarne kanalizacije u Podgorici vrijedan 1.83 miliona eura zaključio sa kompanijom Toškovići. Vlasnik te kompanije Ivica Tošković prošle godine je pravosnažno osuđen zbog stvaranja kriminalne organizacije i utaje poreza i doprinosa. Nakon što je MANS sa svojim otkrićem upoznao njemačku KFW banku, iz čijeg kredita Vodovod finansira ovaj projekat, iz KFW-a su potvrdili da je došlo do kršenja procedure i da dalje finansiranje projekta u koji je uključena kompanija Toškovići više nije moguće iz njihovog kredita.

U obraćanju Milovcu, Vuković ne pobija dokaze o umiješanosti u aferu, već ga optužuje za politički progon i zasipa uvredama, nazivajući ga, između ostalog, i „moralnom ruinom”. Milovac je grešan što je bezočno saopštio istinu, da je gradonačelnik „zeznuo” projekat vijeka za Glavni grad. Tako ga ja, nešto ranije, nazvao sam Vuković.

Tim povodom reagovali su i iz Akcije za ljudska prava (HRA). „Vrijeđanje predstavlja vid pritiska koji zabranjuje Deklaracija UN za zaštitu osoba koje brane ljudska prava. HRA apeluje na predstavnike vlasti da čuvaju dostojanstvo državne funkcije tako što javne rasprave s njihovim kritičarima neće svoditi na lični nivo”, poručili su iz HRA.

Dobro je da je gradonačelnik Vuković odlučio da ovog puta ne ćuti, kako to obično čini, na optužbe i primjedbe neistomišljenika. Dobro, jer je srušio iluziju o sebi kao o političaru evropskih razmišljanja čiji je jedini grijeh – ljubav prema Podgorici i Crnoj Gori. Tako on voli za sebe da kaže. Pa da onda osuđeniku za utaju poreza da milionski tender.

Andrea JELIĆ

Pročitajte više u štampanom izdanju Monitora od 25. septembra ili na www.novinarnica.net

 

Komentari

nastavi čitati

Izdvajamo