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POCKET MONEY PROVIDED BY THE WEB: Item, Account, Euro

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Some try to earn from backbreaking work, some using “a book” and “pen”, and some using a mouse and a keyboard, from home through the Internet

 

Managing. Teens, elderly primary school students, and high school students quickly learn what that word means in a country where their parents, with two average salaries, barely cover their family expenses: buy food, pay bills and loans, and provide basic inedible supplies. The pocket money is usually not high on the priority list. And even if it is, it is not enough. So, you start thinking early, about some kind of profit. And managing.

Some try to earn from backbreaking work, some using “a book” and “pen”, and some using a mouse and a keyboard, from home through (fast) Internet.

It all starts with following ads that offer “fast, easy, and guaranteed earnings.” Playing unpopular games or browsing paid commercials for hours is the slowest and least fun way to make money on the Internet. You sometimes barely get five to ten euros for one or two-week engagement and number of hours worked. And sometimes, not even that much.

Stefan V. said that he also went through this phase, but that very soon he wanted to try something more tangible and useful (more profitable). He was attracted to the possibility of creating a logo for foreigners (according to definition from Wikipedia: a logo is a graphic sign or an icon indicating a product or business). It seemed to be a profitable and simple business, explained our interviewee the beginning of his business adventure in which he entered with a group of friends. “For those who don’t know what a logo is – it’s an image, mostly often made by the request of a person who uses it and it serves to label a company, profile or product. Well, at the beginning we used various YouTube guides, explanations and shortcuts for work in basic programs like Photoshop. It took us several days to learn and master them. And then we started to look for our first customers in online forums. At the very beginning, we were paid 3-5 euros for a simple logo, so we earned 15 to 20 euros a week, depending on the number of customers. It wasn’t much, but it was not bad for the beginning. Over time, you realise that it is the most difficult to find customers at that level. And some more fun things emerge…”

A similar type of money-earning on the Internet, with compulsory prior knowledge, is translation of shorter and longer texts on various websites. Using the jargon of teenagers in Podgorica, this is freelancing and it refers to a person who does not have a particular job but rather collects and considers the offers he/she has and accepts the most appropriate one. In the adult world, we define freelancing as a part-time job without permanent employment, but let’s not elaborate further, the essence is the same. Basically, we're talking about translating catalogues for online shopping websites or subtitling of movies and series. Earnings range from five euros per hour to higher amounts, but require solid, very good or excellent knowledge of English language – and Montenegrin as well.

For those to whom learning is not a favourite activity, there are games. And there are several ways to combine the pleasure of playing and the benefit of making money. “After hours and days of playing Paladins, we decided to make our first team for playing the game,” recalled Damian B., one of our interviewees. He noted that this was significantly before broadcasts of video game tournaments started on the state television (RTCG) channels and cable television sports channels (Sport klub has a channel exclusively dedicated to electronic games). “Team had three members, which was enough for amateur tournaments. We thought that we could easily win some rewards. But as soon as we entered the first phase of the first tournament, we saw that we lack experience and that we are still not up to the online tournaments of that rank, since our opponents overwhelmingly defeated us”.

They decided to take a step back. “We tried to find an easier way to make money through video games. And over time, we have succeeded”.  On the steam platform (steampowered.com), the globally best known and most developed platform for buying and playing games that has hundreds of millions of players and billions of euros turnover, there is a section called the community market. It is used by players to buy and sell items (features, tools, weapons, food with which the player improves the features of the character he/she manages)… which they use in their games. Trade is done for real money. In addition, the largest number of items, except for the most expensive ones, which cost hundreds or thousands of euros, can also be obtained by (skilful) playing a specific game. “We started to collect and win these items and to offer them for sale to interested players who had fewer skills and luck, and more money than us. Over time, we started to make “easy” money, money gained through entertainment. These are not large sums of money (at best several tens of euros), but they are sufficient for pocket money. And, what is more important, we gained it while having fun”, said Vuk V. Our interviewee believed that for higher profits, one should invest in video games equipment, but also directly in the purchase of certain items. This also carries the risk of losing money. “If you don't have luck or enough knowledge, you can “go negative”, because over time, these items lose and gain value as well as cryptocurrencies. And if you don't assess well when to sell them, you can easily lose money”.

Regular players know that there are various ways to make money on the steam. “Very profitable thing that we did was selling of accounts for games which we had brought beforehand to a certain level. Players who do not have the skill or time to start the game from the beginning or to reach to that stage – usually those are older players who have a job and a salary – are ready to pay decently and take over game already levelled up. Each of us has earned 50 euros or more, at least once, by selling accounts, and that is not a small amount of money”, claimed our interviewees. However, they note that buying someone else's gaming account is not completely safe. If you do business with an unknown and dishonest account seller, you can easily be left without an account and without money since, that person can report that his/her account has been stolen (unauthorised account takeover). “So if you intend to buy one of the accounts, it is desirable that you know that person and that you are sure that he/she will not use and deceive you.”

Our interviewees, students of several high schools in Podgorica (Electro-technical, Economic, Grammar School), uneasily talked about a more primitive type of reselling of game accounts, which was popular in local gaming houses in the first half of the last year. At that time, the game Fortnite gained great popularity, so many wanted to make progress in it as soon as possible and as much as possible in order to show off to their friends. Thus primary school students from lower grades were willing to pay 10, 15 and even 20 euros for a game with popular and rare skins (they allow change appearance of a game character managed by the player).

They also emphasize that in the world of internet platform players, just like among payment cards or electronic banking users, you must always keep your personal data safe from thieves. Particularly dangerous can be “going” to unverified sites and platforms that lure by advertising cheaper or free items.

It happened that at the beginning of the year, one of them was hacked, as he entered a new site, practically, at the same time as he logged in. “Instantly, my account lost all protections, even though it even had a phone code that needed to be entered every time when account was used. Someone took it over, but failed to use it (to resell the collected items, for example) because we quickly contacted the game administrators and reported the theft. We proved the ownership of the account by repeating the credit card number, which belongs to a father of one of the players from our group, and which was used for the first payment made on that account”, stated the robbed player. And he left, to play basketball on the internet in peace “until everyone goes online”. Maybe something can be earned.

And how much money circulates in the world of e-sports, shows the prize fund at professional gaming tournaments. Thus, at the tournament International 2019, the contestants in playing Dota 2 game shared the amount of 30 million dollars.

 

When the ruble is stronger than the euro

Team of high school players from Pobrezje said that last year, with a “system error”, they managed to make an unexpected profit: “There was a terminal near our building where, in addition to paying for telephone and electricity bills, you could deposit money on a steam platform. We used the terminal since it allowed us to make payments by cash, without borrowing payment-cards from elder family members, and providing explanations. The thing was that the terminal, for unknown reasons, would transfer amount paid in euros to Russian rubles. Luckily for us, it turned out that games are much cheaper in rubles than in euros. Even twice in some cases. So for a week, we were cheaply buying and reselling, of course below the official price, games –– until this error was detected. In fact, the terminal disappeared, so we guess it was due to that.”

Luka RADULOVIC

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ŠTRAJK U BERANSKOM SIMON VOJAŽU: Opet iz rikverca u rikverc

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Zaposleni u beranskom autoprevoznom preduzeću Simon vojaž stupili su u generalni štrajk, nakon što im preko dvije godine vlasnik kompanije Mehmed Adrović nije isplatio zarade, dnevnice i ostala zakonom garantovana primanja. Najveće autoprevozno preduzeće na sjeveru države neslavni je rekorder u broju neizmirenih plata radnicima

 

Kada je u decembru 2005. godine organizovana licitacija za prodaju beranskog autoprevoznog preduzeća Jugoprevoz, pojavili su se tada malo poznati Mehmed Adrović i potpuno nepoznati luksemburkški državljanin Simon Bernar.

Mehmed Adrović, zvani Meša, koju godinu kasnije će se politički aktivirati u Demokratskoj partiji socijalista. Danas je predsjednik Opštinskog odbora te partije u Petnjici i predsjednik lokalnog parlamenta u tom mjestu.

Skoro deceniju i po kasnije, kolo sreće se okrenulo. Zaposleni u beranskom autoprevoznom preduzeću Simon vojaž stupili su u generalni štrajk, nakon što im preko dvije godine vlasnik kompanije Mehmed Adrović nije isplatio zarade, dnevnice i ostala zakonom garantovana primanja.To najveće autoprevozno preduzeće na sjeveru države neslavni je rekorder u broju neizmirenih plata svojim radnicima.

„Posljednja plata je bila za jun 2018. Mi ne znamo više ni kako ni zašto radimo. Svima nam je stalo da se preduzeće ne ugasi, ali ovo je postala potpuno neodrživa situacija” – napisali su oni u pismu koje su dostavili medijima prije štrajka.

Radnici ne mogu da vjeruju da njihova firma sa čitavim kompleksom imovine, autobuskom stanicom sa restoranom, tehničkim pregledom, servisom za održavanje motornih vozila, turističkom agencijom, kao i najvećim voznim parkom na sjeveru Crne Gore, ne može da opstane.

„Došli smo u situaciju da nam druga preduzeća zbog dugovanja oduzimaju autobuse, ili ih kupuju za male pare, a mi ne znamo gdje taj novac ide” – pišu radnici.

Došli su na ivicu, a država im je okrenula leđa. „Da li zbog toga što je vlasnik visoki funkcioner Demokratske partije socijalista, pa mu tolerišu sve što radi, odnosno ne radi” – pitaju radnici.

Zbog ovakve situacije zaposleni skoro svakodnevno napuštaju firmu i odlaze kod drugih poslodavaca. Od nekadašnjih stotinu dvadeset, ostalo je trenutno svega oko četrdeset zaposlenih.

„Mi molimo nadležne državne organe, inspekcijske službe, a zatim tužilaštvo i policiju, da se uključe u rješavanje situacije koja je postala neizdrživa. Najveći dio nas koji smo ostali i dalje da radimo, u poznim smo godinama, kada nas više niko neće. Sve mlađe što je bilo, pobjeglo je. Valja hraniti porodice, a platu nijeste primili dvije godine” – kažu radnici.

 

Pročitajte više u štampanom izdanju Monitora od 29. maja ili na www.novinarnica.net

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BILJNE VRSTE NA SJEVERU UGROŽENE NELEGALNIM BRANJEM: Kao ničije 

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Nesavjesno, nelegalno branje i prodaja, uskoro će iskorijeniti  nekoliko biljnih vrsta sa crnogorskih planina, tvrde ekolozi. Godinama stižu ista upozorenja  o alarmantnom stanju u toj oblasti, a država ne čini ništa da zaštiti biljno blago

 

Iz kolašinskog Sekretarijata za zaštitu životne sredine,  prije nekoliko dana su saopštili da je na području te opštine, kontinuirano i sve ozbiljnije, ugroženo nekoliko biljnih vrsta.  Riječ je o ljekovitom bilju i šumskim plodovima, a najugorženiji su, kažu stručnjaci za ekologiju iz te lokalne uprave, lincura, somina, borovnica… Kontrola branja šumskih plodova je nedovoljna, piše u izvještaju o stanju životne sredine.

Kolašin nije izuzetak. Nelegalnom berbom i nedostatkom sistemskih zaštitnih mehanizama ugrožene su mnoge biljne vrste. Kolašin nije izuzetak.  Stanje je isto na cijelom sjeveru. Tek pojedini sporadnični projekti, koje relizuje isključivo civilni sektor, skrenu pažnju na taj ogroman problem. Država nije učinila ništa više od deklarativnog zalaganja da se biljne vrste, među kojima su neke i zaštićene, sačuvaju.

Žuta lincura (Gentiana lutea), polako nestaje, tvrde ekolozi. Svejedno, gotovo na svakoj pijaci je moguće kupiti od onih koji su je nelegalno ubrali. To je nacionalnim zakondovstvom zaštićena biljna vrsta, uvrštena i  u međunarodnu „Habitat direktivu“. Korijen biljke je ljekovit, koristi se i u zvaničnoj i u alternativnoj medicini. Zato je nekontrolisana berba i prodaja na crnom tržištu  dovela i do nestajanja.

Na našim prostorima postala je vrlo popularna  40-ih godina prošlog vijeka, zbog čega je počela i obimnija berba, odnosno kopanje korijena. Njen hemijski sastav otkriven je tek početkom 20. vijeka, iako je  korištena mnogo prije  toga. Osim u Crnoj Gori, na Balkanu je ima u Bosni, Hrvatskoj (Lici) i jugozapadnoj Srbiji.

Zbog široke primjene, kultivacija lincure ekonomski je opravdana. Ipak, tek rijetki u našoj državi, finasirani, uglavnom, stranim grantovima, su se upustili u plantažni uzgoj te biljke i tako pokušali da sačuvaju njena prirodna staništa.

Prije nekoliko godina NVO Natura, uz podršku UNDP-a, u okviru projekta Ljekovito bilje – značaj za lokalni ekonomski razvoj i očuvanje prirodnih resursa, počela je eksperimentalno plantažni uzgoj Gentiana lutea nadomak Kolašina.  Tako je formirana prva eksperimentalna parcela za plantažno gajenje lincure u Crnoj Gori.

„Plantažna proizvodnja lincure je važna jer se na ovaj način štiti životna sredina, odnosno ova rijetka i zaštićena biljna vrsta. Zbog velike potražnje u narodnoj i zvaničnoj medicini lincura se nelegalno i nekontrolisano eksploatiše“ –  kažu u toj NVO.

Projekat podrazumijeva da se sadnice lincure vraćaju  u prirodno okruženje kako bi se na taj način povećala brojnost te rijetke biljke. Plantažna proizvodnja lincure, objašnjavaju, može da bude i značajan ekonomski oslonac stanovništva na selu. Naredne faze tog projekta su formiranje pokaznih parcela u zaštićenim područjima i formiranje eksperimentalnih parcela u okviru nekoliko domaćinstava u Kolašinu i Andrijevici.

„Sve ovo se radi u okviru aktivnost za uspostavljanje Regionalnog parka Komovi. Htjeli smo da pokažemo kako postoji i mogućnost plantažnog gajenja, ali i da zaštitimo lincuru u prirodnim staništima. Pored toga, plantažno gajenje je i siguran i dobar način da poljoprivrednici zarade“ – kaže direktor NVO Natura Mikan Medenica.

Očekivani prinos sa hektara je do 10 tona ljekovitog korijenja, tokom prvih godina, kasnije i više. Iskustva uzgajivača u okruženju svjedoče da se na hektaru zemljišta gaji i do 100.000 biljaka, uz  prinos  svježeg korijena od 24 do 40 tona. Nakon sušenja ostane od šest do 10 tona po hektaru. Taj  prinos se odnosi na biljke stare pet godina, u šestoj godini može biti i do 30 odsto veći, a u sedmoj čak i do 70 odsto.

Prema podacima, koji se mogu naći u medijima iz regiona, cijena  osušenog korijena kreće se od 10 do 12 eura po kilogramu. Ulaganja potrebna za gajenje lincure nijesu  velika – samo priprema zemlje i ručni rad. Zaštita joj nije potrebna,  jer je u prirodi ništa ne napada. Pored svega toga, plnatažni zasadi su i dalje rijetkost.

Na listi ugroženih bilnih vrsta na sjeveru je odavno i šumska  borovnica. Iako svake godine sa zvaničnih adresa stigne bar po jedan apel nesavjesnim beračima i otkupljivačima, na nivou su incidenta krivične prijave protiv njih. Na planinama sjevera svakog ljeta taj šumski plod se tamani, branjem mehaničkim sredstvima, što je zakonom zabranjeno. Posao kontrole branja borovnice, prije par godina, povjeren je Upravi za šume, čiji službenici su više puta ponovili kako niti imaju potrebnu logistiku niti im ostaje vremena da se tom poslu ozbiljnije posvete. Za to vrijeme, na stotine tona „plavog blaga“ sjevera, ubranog nelegalno, završi na evropskom tržištu. Dobro zarade samo otkupljivači.

Borovnice treba isključivo brati ručno i nikako grebenom, ponavljaju, obično početkom ljeta,  iz  Ministarstva poljoprivrede. Branje šumske borovnice u komercijalne svrhe definisano je zakonom,  a za nepoštovanje zakonskih odredbi  predviđene su kazne od 2.000 do 40.000 eura.

Jednocifren je broj onih koji su tokom minule decenije platili tu kaznu. A decenijama je, od jula do septembra,  u borovnjacima na stotine berača, koji po bagatelnim cijenama prodaju ubrane plodove desetinama otkupljivača.

U više navrata na uništavanje borovnjaka upozoravali su botaničar Danijel Vincek i prof. dr Miodrag Jovančević sa Biotehničkog fakulteta iz Bijelog Polja.  Nesavjesnim branjem, pored lošeg kvaliteta berbe, uništavaju se i mješoviti pupoljci, lome stabljike, pa se svake naredne godine smanjuje rod. Drastično se smanjuju i površine pokrivene borovnjacima.

Branje šumske borovnice u komercijalne svrhe definisano je Zakonom o zaštiti prirode i Pravilnikom o bližem načinu i uslovima sakupljanja, korišćenja i prometa nezaštićenih divljih vrsta životinja, biljaka i gljiva koje se koriste u komercijalne svrhe.

„Sakupljanje borovnice u komercijalne svrhe dozvoljeno je u optimalnoj fazi vegetativnog razvoja (fazi sazrijevanja bobice) pod uslovom da se ne upotrebljavaju mehanička sredstva (grebeni i dr.); ne čupaju ili oštećuju podzemni organi; na području sakupljanja ostavi najmanje 25 odsto od ukupno utvrđene količine biljne vrste, ne lome, oštećuju stabla i grane žbunova i ne nanosi druga šteta borovnici i njenom staništu“ regulisano je propisima, koje niko  ne poštuje.

Propisano je da branje u komercijalne svrhe treba da obavljaju samo obučeni berači. Nikada nijedna obuka zvanično nije organizovana.

                                                Dragana ŠĆEPANOVIĆ  

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VRHOVNI SUD RJEŠENJE MINISTARSTVA POLJOPRIVREDE PROGLASIO NEZAKONITIM: Traži se ponovo domaćin kolašinskih rijeka

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Dvogodišnje nesuglasice između kolašinskih ribolovnih klubova, okončao je Vrhovni sud. Ministarstvo poljoprivrede ponovo konkursom traži klub koji će gazdovati ribljim fondom na području te opštine, nakon što je sud prethodni izbor proglasio nezakonitim

 

Rješenje kojim je Ministarstvo poljoprivrede i ruralnog razvoja prije dvije godine dodijelilo upravljanje ribljim fondom na područku kolašinske opštne Sportsko ribolovnom klubu (SRK) Tara i Morača nezakonito je. Tako je odlučio Vrhovni sud,  nakon što je Sportski flaj fišing klub (SFFK) Maniro, koji je ranije gazdovao kolašinskim vodama, osporio rješenje resornog ministarstva.

U tužbi tog kluba je istaknuto da je u postupku odlučivanja Ministarstvo zanemarilo činjenicu da je SRK Tara i Morača još 2016. godine isključeno iz članstva Saveza sportsko-ribolovnih organizacija Crne Gore. Članstvo u tom savezu obaveza je za sve koji se kandiduju za gazdovanje vodama.

Iako je 2018. Ministarstvo poljoprivrede povjerilo gazdovanje vodama SRK Tara i Morača na šest godina, pritisnuti sudskim odlukama, u tom resoru ponovo konkursom traže „domaćina“.

Javni oglas će trajati do sredine narednog mjeseca.

„Očekujemo da će ovog puta resorno ministarstvo postupiti kako je presudom naloženo. Dokazali smo da SRK Tara i Morača nezakonito upravlja vodama. Gupa ljudi, okupljenih u tom klubu, godinama ruši svaki pokušaj da se na kolašinskim vodama uvede red, da se ribolov obavlja  u skladu sa zakonom, da se u našem gradu razvija i ribolovni turizam“ – kazao je Mile Lazarević iz SFFK Maniro.

 

Pročitajte više u štampanom izdanju Monitora od 22. maja ili na www.novinarnica.net

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